Book of Abstracts

The scientific publishing system and the strive for open accessibility


Scientific publishing: past, present, and future

Maximilian Fochler (University of Vienna)

Scientific publishing is one of the most important social processes in the science system. From the very beginning of modern science, the ways in which scientists communicate are shaped by technological possibilities and their evolution, but also by the social dynamics of science and its institutions. However, the way scientists publish has not been very reactive to changing technological means and social structures. Arguably, the way scientists communicate has also deeply shaped the social structures of science, as, for example, communities have formed around circuits of communication, as much as new forms of communication have been established by emerging communities. The social structures of science and its patterns and means of communication have co-evolved and are co-evolving. Accordingly, new forms of communication must be discussed in the broader context of changes in the science system, but also in the sciences’ relation to society.

In my talk, I will use some brief historical and contemporary examples to show which important functions scientific publishing has, beyond its prime aim of exchanging relevant information: I will touch on the role of communication in establishing scientific communities and the corresponding processes of inclusion and exclusion of both other researchers and lay publics, as well as on the recent entanglement of publication practices with career and reward structures.

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Introduction to the European Open Access initiative ‘Plan S’

Toma Susi (University of Vienna)

Following many years of political statements, Plan S is an initiative for Open Access publishing that was launched in September 2018 by an international consortium of research funders. It requires that starting from 2020 all scientific publications that result from research funded by public grants must be Open Access.

More information on PlanS: https://www.coalition-s.org.

Researcher response to its implementation plan: http://eurodoc.net/implementation-plan-s.pdf.

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Transformative publishing agreements within the context of ‘Plan S’ – current level of compliance

Brigitte Kromp (Vienna University Library)

This presentation will take stock of the current state of OA publishing opportunities in Austria and more specifically at the University of Vienna. Thanks to the decade-long close collaboration of the key players, such as the Austrian Science Fund (FWF), one of the original members of cOAlitions S, and the Austrian Academic Library Consortium (KEMÖ), which brings together the country’s universities and research institutions, the landscape in Austria is a lot less fragmented than in other countries. By virtue of our large portfolio of transformative OA publishing agreements, which range from contracts with Wiley, Springer Nature to niche publishers such as the International Water Association our researchers have a number of options available to them. We will explore to what extent our agreements cover our researchers’ publishing needs and what further steps we can take to support them.

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Beyond Open Access: SciPost

Jean-Sébastien Caux (University of Amsterdam)

SciPost is a by-and-for scientists initiative aiming to provide a Genuine Open Access replacement infrastructure for the scientific publishing industry. Its journals are characterized by being open access for both readers (no substription or reading fees) as well as authors (no author fees/APCs), giving generous licenses (CC-BY) with copyright to the authors. All editorial work is performed by active professional scientists, without competing financial or corporate interests. As an organization, SciPost is purely not-for-profit and community-owned, and follows a cost-slashing consortial business model.

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‘Quantum’, challenges, costs and solutions for community led publishing

Marcus Huber (IQOQI-Vienna)

Within my talk, I will briefly introduce the governing structure of the non-profit and open access peer-reviewed journal ‘Quantum‘, and I will show some statistics from 2+ years of experience as well as the challenges we faced and overcame.

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Deconstructing Research: A potential future for scholarly communications

Daniel Hook (Digital Science)

The research paper has been around for more than 350 years and has become embedded in scholarly research as the centre of scholarly communication.  However, as the fundamental relationships that define research are changing, the core of scholarly communications is under increasing pressure to change.  We will define and discuss these fundamental relationships, the pressures that they are experiencing and examine how that could change scholarly communication.